Do not Use Tobacco
Smoking is known to cause lung and bladder cancer and chewing tobacco causes cancer of the oral cavity. The risk of lung cancer increases an exposure to second hand smoke.Deciding to stop using tobacco and even avoiding it is one of the most important health decisions that you can make.Ask your doctor about products that help kick the smoking habit if you need help.
Eat a Healthy Diet
A balanced plant based diet filled with a variety of vegetables,fruits,soy,nuts,whole grains and beans help lower risk for many types of cancers.Fruits and vegetables are the best sources of antioxidants such as beta-carotene,Vitamin C,Vitamin E and selenium. Diets that are high in fruits may lower the risk of stomach and lung cancer.Also,tomatoes,guavas and watermelon are high in lycopene and will lower the risk of prostate cancer.
Intake of folate helps prevent cancer.This micronutrient is commonly found in oranges,asparagus,beets and peas. A diet rich in folate lowers the risk of colorectal cancer.
Excessive use of pesticides have caused alarmingly high incidence of cancer in certain belts in Punjab. So it is desirable to consume fruits and vegetables that are organically grown.
The consumption of very spicy foods,hot foods and beverages,high amounts of chilli have a positive association with increased risk of oesophageal cancers.
Alcohol is classified as a grade 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.Adopting western trends of consuming excessive alcohol especially by women has also shown an increase in the incidence of breast cancer by approximately 7 per cent. The association is notable because a small but significant risk has been found with even one drink per day. Drinking alcohol also increases the risk of cancers of the oral cavity,pharynx,larynx,oesophagus and liver.An association is probable in the case of colon and rectal cancers. Also alcohol drinking with tobacco smoking have shown an interactive effect on the cancers of the head and neck.
The consumption of dietary fiber will reduce the risk of colon,breast and prostate cancer by absorbing and inactivating dietary oestrogenic and androgenic cancer promoters.
Limit your consumption of salt.An intake of more than 2.4 gms of sodium a day increases your risk of stomach cancer.
Replace red meats and dairy products with fish,nuts and legumes. Evidence indicates that animal fat consumption is strongly associated with the incidence of aggressive prostate cancer.
Engage in Regular Physical Activity
There is an increased risk of post menopausal breast and endometrial cancer with obesity and lack of physical activity. Other cancers associated with the same are those which are hardest to treat-pancreatic,oesophageal and gall bladder cancers.
Physical activity is a primary method of weight control and reduces risk of cancers,especially colon cancer. Moderate to vigorous exercise for at least 30 minutes on most days is a minimum and will provide benefits.
Avoid weight gain in adulthood.Staying around the same body weight as at age 20 is a simple guide,assuming there was no adolescent obesity.
Avoiding smoking,limiting alcohol,reaching a healthy weight and getting regular evercise are a great start to preventing cancer.We must look back at our past and preserve the natural,traditional Indian diet which is rich in anti cancer elements such as turmeric.
Protect Yourself From The Sun
Use generous amounts of sunscreen when you are outdoors and reapply as often as possible.
Talk to your doctor about immunization against-
Hepatitis B - Infection with Hepatitis B greatly increases the relative risk of developing liver cancer. Hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for certain high risk adults including those in health care or public safety workers who might be exposed to infected blood or body fluids.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) - HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that can lead to cervical and other genital cancers as well as squamous cell cancers of the head and neck. The HPV vaccine is available to both men and women aged 26 years or younger who did not have vaccines as adolescents.
Avoid High Risk Behaviour
Practise safe sex.The more sexual partners you have in your lifetime,the more likely you are to contract a sexually transmitted infection such as HIV or HPV.
Don't share needles-sharing needles with an infected drug user can lead to HIV,as well as Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C,which can increase the risk of liver cancer.
Get Regular Medical Care
Regular self exams and screenings for various types of cancers such as cancer of the colon,prostate,cervix and breast- can increase your chances of discovering cancer early when treatment is most likely to be successful.
Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colon Cancer ( HNPCC) - is the most common cancer susceptibility disease and is responsible for at least 2% to 3% of colon cancers. The patients also exhibit elevated risks for stomach,ovary,small intestine,ureter and kidney cancers. HNPCC family members should be screened annually by colonoscopy starting around age 20. In addition for women it is recommended to undergo annual pelvic and ultrasound examination.
Hereditary Breast-Ovarian Cancer Syndromes (HOBC) - occurs in the population at a rate of between 1 in 500 or 1000.
The patients exhibit early onset breast cancer and an elevated risk for other cancers,including pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer,laryngeal cancer,fallopian tube cancer and prostate cancers in male carriers. Males are also at an increased risk for breast cancer.
Risk reducing prophylactic breast surgery is indicated for female patients with these genetic changes or those having strong family histories of early onset breast cancer.
Familial adenomatous polyposis-The cancer risk for these patients is virtually 100% by age 40, but prophylactic colectomy is almost always performed to reduce the risk.
Take Cancer Prevention Into Your Own Hands,The Rewards Will Last You A Lifetime